Shodan is a search engine that lets the user find specific types of computers (webcams, routers, servers, etc.) connected to the internet using a variety of filters. Some have also described it as a search engine of service banners, which are metadata that the server sends back to the client. This can be information about the server software, what options the service supports, a welcome message or anything else that the client can find out before interacting with the server.
Shodan collects data mostly on web servers (HTTP/HTTPS – port 80, 8080, 443, 8443), as well as FTP (port 21), SSH (port 22), Telnet (port 23), SNMP (port 161), IMAP (port 993), SMTP (port 25), SIP (port 5060), and Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP, port 554). The latter can be used to access webcams and their video stream.
Explore the Internet of Things
Use Shodan to discover which of your devices are connected to the Internet, where they are located and who is using them.
Monitor Network Security
Keep track of all the computers on your network that are directly accessible from the Internet. Shodan lets you understand your digital footprint.
See the Big Picture
Websites are just one part of the Internet. There are power plants, Smart TVs, refrigerators and much more that can be found with Shodan.